The Threat of Capital Drain: A Rationale for Public Banks?

36 Pages Posted: 7 Jun 2006

See all articles by Hendrik Hakenes

Hendrik Hakenes

Finance Group; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Isabel Schnabel

University of Bonn - Institute for Financial Economics and Statistics; Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods

Date Written: April 2006

Abstract

This paper yields a rationale for why subsidized public banks may be desirable from a regional perspective in a financially integrated economy. We present a model with credit rationing and heterogeneous regions in which public banks prevent a capital drain from poorer to richer regions by subsidizing local depositors, for example, through a public guarantee. Under some conditions, cooperative banks can perform the same function without any subsidization; however, they may be crowded out by public banks. We also discuss the impact of the political structure on the emergence of public banks in a political-economy setting and the role of interregional mobility.

Keywords: Public banks, cooperative banks, capital drain, credit rationing, financial integration, privatization

JEL Classification: G21, F36, H11, L33

Suggested Citation

Hakenes, Hendrik and Schnabel, Isabel, The Threat of Capital Drain: A Rationale for Public Banks? (April 2006). MPI Collective Goods Preprint No. 2006/11. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=906993 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.906993

Hendrik Hakenes (Contact Author)

Finance Group ( email )

Adenauerallee 24-42
D-53113 Bonn
Germany
+49-228-73-9225 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.finance.uni-bonn.de/hakenes

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR) ( email )

London
United Kingdom

Isabel Schnabel

University of Bonn - Institute for Financial Economics and Statistics ( email )

Adenauerallee 24-42
Bonn, 53113
Germany

HOME PAGE: http://www.finance.uni-bonn.de/schnabel

Max Planck Society for the Advancement of the Sciences - Max Planck Institute for Research on Collective Goods ( email )

Kurt-Schumacher-Str. 10
D-53113 Bonn, 53113
Germany
+49-228-9141665 (Phone)
+49-228-9141621 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.coll.mpg.de/team/page/isabel_schnabel

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