The Political Economy of European Federalism

Posted: 13 Jun 2006

See all articles by Alain Marciano

Alain Marciano

Université de Montpellier; Université Montpellier I - Montpellier Recherche en Economie (Montpellier Research in Economics) MRE

Jean-Michel Josselin

Université de Rennes I; National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

Abstract

In spite of the clear objective assigned to the integration process in the 1950s, the institutional status of the European Union remains ambiguous and uneasy to define. The argument that we present in this article is that Europe has always hesitated between two forms of federalism. We use an agency framework and demonstrate that before the landmark cases Van Gend en Loos and Costa v. E.N.E.L., the European Union is mainly a confederation but it already contains elements of a federation. Afterwards, the institutional structure of the Union evolves towards a more centralised federalism but still shows lasting elements of a confederation.

Keywords: Federation, confederation, political economy, European Union

JEL Classification: D72, H11, K10, N41

Suggested Citation

Marciano, Alain and Josselin, Jean-Michel, The Political Economy of European Federalism. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=907820

Alain Marciano (Contact Author)

Université de Montpellier ( email )

Avenue Raymond Dugrand, CS 79606
Montpellier Cedex 1, F-34000
France

Université Montpellier I - Montpellier Recherche en Economie (Montpellier Research in Economics) MRE ( email )

Montpellier
France

Jean-Michel Josselin

Université de Rennes I ( email )

11 Rue Jean Macé
35065 Rennes Cedex, Rennes
France

National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS)

3, rue Michel-Ange
Paris cedex 16, 75794
France

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