Note on Islam

8 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2008 Last revised: 14 Mar 2018

See all articles by R. Edward Freeman

R. Edward Freeman

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Jenny Mead

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Patricia H. Werhane

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Andrew Wicks

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Rosalyn Berne

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Taha Bassit

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Ahsun Jilani

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

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Abstract

The note was written to complement the teaching of any case that assumes knowledge of Islam. It provides a brief review of the Muslim religion, including the geographical representation of its believers, a description of its basic tenets, and a sketch of its historical development. Also provided is a brief synopsis of the Prophet Muhammad, and a distinction is made between the Sh'ia and the Sunni faiths.

Excerpt

UVA-E-0072

Rev. Feb. 26, 2018

Note on Islam

This note is intended to serve as a brief primer on some of the core elements of Islam, both as a major religious tradition and as a set of beliefs that currently influences the behavior of a substantial portion of the world's population. It attempts to provide a short overview of the context of the Islam religion and the setting for how it currently influences world events.

The Arabic term “Islam” literally means “peace” and “submission.” The fundamental tenet of the Islamic religion is “to surrender to the will of Allah” (the Arabic word for God), and in doing so, find peace, contentment, and security. Muslims offer a blessing of peace on each other as a greeting by uttering the words “As-Salam-Alaikum,” meaning “Peace be with you.” The phrase is a prayer for peace to the other party, symbolizing the highest attainment in Islam. Whenever Muslims mention the Prophet Muhammad, who is considered the last messenger of God, they say “Peace Be upon Him.”

Islam recognizes numerous prophets, beginning with Adam and ending with Prophet Muhammad, and also including Noah, Abraham, Moses, and Jesus. Islam builds on biblical prophecy, emphasizes the earlier revealed books, and refers to Christians and Jews as “People of the Book.” As with Judaism and Christianity, Islam is a monotheistic religion. Muslims believe in heaven, hell, angels, prophets, the devil, and the Day of Judgment, and are directed to avoid pork, alcohol, and drugs. They eat only halal meat, which has guidelines analogous to kosher meat. In fact, Islam simply sees itself as completing and renewing the earlier revelations from God, expressed in the Old and New Testaments.

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Keywords: business society islam divestment diversity international workplace ethics

Suggested Citation

Freeman, R. Edward and Mead, Jenny and Werhane, Patricia H. and Wicks, Andrew and Berne, Rosalyn and Bassit, Taha and Jilani, Ahsun, Note on Islam. Darden Case No. UVA-E-0072. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=908125

R. Edward Freeman (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States
804-924-0935 (Phone)
804-924-6378 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/faculty/freeman.htm

Jenny Mead

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

Patricia H. Werhane

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States
434-924-4840 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/faculty/werhane.htm

Andrew Wicks

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/faculty/wicks.htm

Rosalyn Berne

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

Taha Bassit

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

Ahsun Jilani

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

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