Standardization and Technological Innovation: Some Reflections on Ex-ante Licensing, FRAND, and the Proper Means to Reward Innovators
Tilburg Law & Economics Center (TILEC); University College London - Faculty of Laws
TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2006-017
In today's technology-driven world, industry standardization, component interoperability, and product-compatibility have become critical to promoting innovation and competition. Standards are typically created by voluntary organizations (generally referred to as standard-setting organizations (SSOs)) composed of participants from a given market or industry (electronic components, communications, etc.). They meet to discuss, analyze, refine, and ultimately adopt mutually acceptable standards, which ensure competing and complementary products and components are compatible and can interoperate with one another. SSOs have thus gained importance over the years in technology-driven sectors.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 17
Keywords: standards, standardization, FRAND, licensing, royalties, cross-licensing, patents, caps, proportionality, hold-up
JEL Classification: K21, L13, L41, L51, L63, L96, 031, 034
Date posted: June 20, 2006