Aviation Fuel Demand Modelling in OECD and Developing Countries: Impacts of Fuel Efficiency

24 Pages Posted: 21 Jun 2006

See all articles by Ahmad R. Jalali-Naini

Ahmad R. Jalali-Naini

Institute for Management and Planning Studies

Maryam Kazemi Manesh

University of Mannheim - Center for Doctoral Studies in Economics and Management (CDSEM)

Abstract

On the quest for reducing the fuel consumption per passenger per flight for economical and environmental reasons, commercial aircraft manufacturers are implementing new strategies for optimising aircraft performance by using new lighter and stronger materials and enhancing engines' efficiencies in terms of fuel consumption and maintenance requirements. With the rising and falling of economies, whether in the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries or other developing countries, the aviation industry has been affected by multiple factors such as passenger traffic, freight traffic, airport capacities and oil prices. Aircraft manufacturers have worked on improving the engine efficiency of their newly built airplanes (e.g. Airbus's A-380 and Boeing's B-787), and many airports in the world have increased the number of their runways to face the increasing demand for air traffic in the world. Aviation efficiency can also be achieved through better load management, which in return enables airliners to cope with higher oil prices or rising costs. Aviation fuel demand is modelled in OECD North America, Europe and Pacific regions and some selected developing countries. Price elasticities of fuel demand in all regions are low, while income elasticities are high. The elasticity of aviation fuel demand on passenger kilometre performed (PKP) is considerably low. One per cent increase in PKP leads to less than half a per cent increase in aviation fuel demand, confirming an ongoing fuel efficiency in aviation industry.

Suggested Citation

Jalali-Naini, Ahmad Reza and Manesh, Maryam Kazemi, Aviation Fuel Demand Modelling in OECD and Developing Countries: Impacts of Fuel Efficiency. OPEC Energy Review, Vol. 33, Issue 1, pp. 23-46, March 2009. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=909855 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1753-0237.2009.00161.x

Ahmad Reza Jalali-Naini (Contact Author)

Institute for Management and Planning Studies ( email )

North Niavaran Street
Tehran
Iran

Maryam Kazemi Manesh

University of Mannheim - Center for Doctoral Studies in Economics and Management (CDSEM) ( email )

Mannheim, D-68131
Germany

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