Education and Employment Opportunities for the Roma

Comparative Economic Studies, Vol. 48, 2006

14 Pages Posted: 23 Jun 2006

See all articles by Niall O'Higgins

Niall O'Higgins

University of Salerno - Department of Economics; ILO; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Andrey Ivanov

Advanced Business Solutions Ltd.

Abstract

The Roma more than anyone else lost out in the transition to a market economy in the countries of Central and South Eastern Europe. Their unemployment rate is 100% in some rural areas and the Roma's dependece on government benefits is widespread. This article takes a look at unemployment and employment amongst the roma on the basis of two surveys carried out in 2002 and 2004. It is shown that lack of formal education cannot provide a full explanation of the relatively high unemployment rates faced by Roma and that at least part of the problem arises from discrimination in employment. Roma are also disproportionately employed in low quality jobs in the informal sector. This paper argues that programmes aimed at combatting labour market and income disadvantage must be based on the development of opportunities for autonomous income generation rather than on the public works temporary employment programmes currently prevelant.

Keywords: Roma, Education, Employment, South Eastern Europe

JEL Classification: J15, J23, P27

Suggested Citation

O'Higgins, Shane Niall and Ivanov, Andrey, Education and Employment Opportunities for the Roma. Comparative Economic Studies, Vol. 48, 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=910831

Shane Niall O'Higgins (Contact Author)

University of Salerno - Department of Economics ( email )

Via John Paul II, 132
Fisciano (SA), 84084
Italy

ILO ( email )

CH-1211 Geneva 22
Switzerland

HOME PAGE: http://www.ilo.org

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Andrey Ivanov

Advanced Business Solutions Ltd. ( email )

P.O. Box 44
Sofia 1756
Bulgaria

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