Footnotes (14)



Levels of Leadership

James G. Clawson

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Darden Case No.: UVA-OB-0792

In todays organizations, leaders need to be able to influence employees to be motivated and committed to high performance; no longer can managers simply get by dealing with employees only through a power relationship or by telling employees what to do. Leaders need to look beyond behavior (level one) to their employees thinking (level two) and their VABEs (values, assumptions, beliefs, and expectations--level three) about their lives, the world, their work, and so on. This note explains the differences between these three levels of human activity.

Number of Pages in PDF File: 14

Keywords: leadership, motivation, organizational behavior

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Date posted: October 21, 2008  

Suggested Citation

Clawson, James G., Levels of Leadership. Darden Case No. UVA-OB-0792. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=911116

Contact Information

James G. Clawson (Contact Author)
University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )
P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States
HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/faculty/clawson.htm
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