Levels of Leadership

14 Pages Posted: 21 Oct 2008  

James G. Clawson

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business

Multiple version iconThere are 2 versions of this paper


In todays organizations, leaders need to be able to influence employees to be motivated and committed to high performance; no longer can managers simply get by dealing with employees only through a power relationship or by telling employees what to do. Leaders need to look beyond behavior (level one) to their employees thinking (level two) and their VABEs (values, assumptions, beliefs, and expectations--level three) about their lives, the world, their work, and so on. This note explains the differences between these three levels of human activity.

Keywords: leadership, motivation, organizational behavior

Suggested Citation

Clawson, James G., Levels of Leadership. Darden Case No. UVA-OB-0792. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=911116

James G. Clawson (Contact Author)

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/faculty/clawson.htm

Paper statistics

Abstract Views