No-Till Technology: Benefits to Farmers and the Environment? Theoretical Analysis and Application to Finnish Agriculture

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Jussi Lankoski

Jussi Lankoski

Agrifood Research Finland

Markku Ollikainen

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies

Pekka Uusitalo

Agrifood Research Finland

Date Written: June 2006

Abstract

We assess theoretically and empirically the private profitability and social desirability of conventional tillage and no-till when crop yields, production costs and nutrient and herbicide runoff damages are taken into account. Based on Finnish experimental data, no-till provides higher social and private profit than conventional tillage for barley but not for oats and wheat, for which the production cost advantage of no-till does not compensate for lower yields in the private optimum. As regards social returns, no-till provides slightly better overall environmental performance but, given the existing valuation of nutrient and herbicide runoff damage, this is not enough to give no-till an advantage in oats and wheat cultivation. Thus, the key factors determining the private and social profitability of no-till and conventional tillage are yields and production costs rather than environmental performance.

Keywords: agri-environmental policy, buffer strips, herbicide runoff, nutrient runoff, tillage

Suggested Citation

Lankoski, Jussi and Ollikainen, Markku and Uusitalo, Pekka, No-Till Technology: Benefits to Farmers and the Environment? Theoretical Analysis and Application to Finnish Agriculture (June 2006). European Review of Agricultural Economics, Vol. 33, Issue 2, pp. 193-221, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=914821 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/erae/jbl003

Jussi Lankoski

Agrifood Research Finland

Helsinki
Finland

Markku Ollikainen (Contact Author)

University of Helsinki - Department of Political and Economic Studies ( email )

P.O. Box 54
FIN-00014 Helsinki
Finland

Pekka Uusitalo

Agrifood Research Finland

Helsinki
Finland

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