The Economic Impact of Armed Conflict in Rwanda

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Humberto Lopez

Humberto Lopez

World Bank - Research Department

Quentin T. Wodon

World Bank

Date Written: December 2005

Abstract

The human, social and economic costs of Rwanda`s genocide have been staggering. The losses in life cannot be reversed and the psychological impact of the violence will take a long time to heal. The country has made remarkable progress over the last 10 years to get back to where it would have been without the conflict-for example, in terms of trends for basic education and health indicators such as primary enrollment and child mortality. Yet GDP per capita remains much lower than what it would have been without the genocide. The paper proposes a methodology for the estimation and correction of extreme values or outliers and estimates that per capita GDP today would probably be between 25 and 30% higher if the conflict had not taken place.

Keywords: steady-size distributions, fixed-size splitting

Suggested Citation

Lopez, Humberto and Wodon, Quentin T., The Economic Impact of Armed Conflict in Rwanda (December 2005). Journal of African Economies, Vol. 14, Issue 4, pp. 586-602, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=915475

Humberto Lopez (Contact Author)

World Bank - Research Department ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Quentin T. Wodon

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-473-1446 (Phone)
202-522-0054 (Fax)

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