The Prosecution of War Crimes Committed by Nazi Forces in Italy
Posted: 29 Feb 2008
The author examines Italy's prosecution of war crimes perpetrated by Nazi forces in Italy during the Second World War. After a general overview of the trials conducted by Italian Military and Ordinary Courts against Nazi War Criminals, the author focuses on the trials of Sävecke and Engel, which he, in his capacity of Chief Military Prosecutor in Turin, decided to reopen in 1994, and illustrates the problems that arose during the investigation. He also discusses the Engel trial held in Germany, where he was prosecuted for the Turchino massacre. The article then deals with the reasons that led national courts to be relatively inactive for a long time in the prosecution of war crimes and other international crimes committed during the Second World War. The author concludes that in recent years, the tide has turned and several national jurisdictions have begun to prosecute alleged Nazi criminals.
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