Disability, Gender, and the British Labour Market

Posted: 29 Feb 2008  

Melanie K. Jones

University of Wales Swansea

Paul L. Latreille

University of Sheffield

Peter J. Sloane

University of Wales, Swansea; IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Date Written: July 2006

Abstract

Using UK LFS data, we examine the impact of disability on labour market outcomes by gender since the Disability Discrimination Act. Substantial differences in employment incidence and earnings continue to exist, especially for those with mental health problems. Distinguishing between work-limiting and non-work-limiting disability, the unobserved productivity effect of disability can be separated from discrimination. Limited evidence of wage discrimination against the disabled exists, but the 'penalty' for work-limiting disability, while falling for men, has increased for women. The improvement for disabled males is largely 'unexplained', possibly reflecting the impact of the legislation; this is not the case for females.

JEL Classification: I1; J2; J3

Suggested Citation

Jones, Melanie K. and Latreille, Paul L. and Sloane, Peter J., Disability, Gender, and the British Labour Market (July 2006). Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 58, Issue 3, pp. 407-449, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=916868 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpl004

Melanie K. Jones (Contact Author)

University of Wales Swansea ( email )

Singleton Park
Swansea, Wales SA2 8PP
United Kingdom

Paul L. Latreille

University of Sheffield ( email )

Sheffield University Management School
Conduit Road
Sheffield, S10 1FL
United Kingdom

Peter J. Sloane

University of Wales, Swansea ( email )

Singleton Park
Swansea, Wales SA2 8PP
United Kingdom

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

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