Long Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Harold Alderman

Harold Alderman

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

John Hoddinott

Cornell University, Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Students

Bill H. Kinsey

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics

Date Written: July 2006

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of pre-school malnutrition on subsequent human capital formation in rural Zimbabwe using a maternal fixed effects-instrumental variables (MFE-IV) estimator with a long term panel data set. Representations of civil war and drought shocks are used to identify differences in pre-school nutritional status across siblings. Improvements in height-for-age in pre-schoolers are associated with increased height as a young adult and number of grades of schooling completed. Had the median pre-school child in this sample had the stature of a median child in a developed country, by adolescence, she would be 3.4 centimeters taller, had completed an additional 0.85 grades of schooling and would have commenced school six months earlier.

JEL Classification: I12; I20; O15

Suggested Citation

Alderman, Harold and Hoddinott, John and Kinsey, Bill H., Long Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition (July 2006). Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 58, Issue 3, pp. 450-474, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=916871 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpl008

Harold Alderman (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

John Hoddinott

Cornell University, Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management, Students ( email )

Ithaca, NY
United States

Bill H. Kinsey

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+31 (0)20 44 46144 (Phone)

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