Long Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Harold Alderman

Harold Alderman

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)

John Hoddinott

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management

Bill H. Kinsey

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics

Date Written: July 2006

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of pre-school malnutrition on subsequent human capital formation in rural Zimbabwe using a maternal fixed effects-instrumental variables (MFE-IV) estimator with a long term panel data set. Representations of civil war and drought shocks are used to identify differences in pre-school nutritional status across siblings. Improvements in height-for-age in pre-schoolers are associated with increased height as a young adult and number of grades of schooling completed. Had the median pre-school child in this sample had the stature of a median child in a developed country, by adolescence, she would be 3.4 centimeters taller, had completed an additional 0.85 grades of schooling and would have commenced school six months earlier.

JEL Classification: I12; I20; O15

Suggested Citation

Alderman, Harold and Hoddinott, John and Kinsey, Bill H., Long Term Consequences of Early Childhood Malnutrition (July 2006). Oxford Economic Papers, Vol. 58, No. 3, pp. 450-474, 2006, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=916871 or http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/oep/gpl008

Harold Alderman (Contact Author)

International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) ( email )

1201 Eye St, NW,
Washington, DC 20005
United States

John Hoddinott

Cornell University - Dyson School of Applied Economics and Management ( email )

Ithaca, NY
United States

Bill H. Kinsey

Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, School of Business and Economics ( email )

De Boelelaan 1105
Amsterdam, 1081HV
Netherlands
+31 (0)20 44 46144 (Phone)

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