Spatial Dimensions of Trade Liberalization and Economic Convergence: Mexico 1985-2002

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Mariano Bosch

Mariano Bosch

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

m F. Maloney

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: 2005

Abstract

This article employs established techniques from the spatial economics literature to identify regional patterns of income and growth in Mexico and to examine how they have changed over the period spanned by trade liberalization and how they may be linked to the income divergence observed following liberalization. The article first shows that divergence has emerged in the form of several income clusters that only partially correspond to traditional geographic regions. Next, when regions are defined by spatial correlation in incomes, a "south" clearly exists, but the "north" seems to be restricted to the states directly on the U.S. border and there is no "center" region. Overall, the principal dynamic of both the increased spatial dependency and the increased divergence lies not on the border but in the sustained underperformance of the southern states, starting before the North American Free-Trade Agreement, and to a lesser extent in the superior performance of an emerging convergence club in the north-center of the country.

Suggested Citation

Bosch, Mariano and Maloney, m F., Spatial Dimensions of Trade Liberalization and Economic Convergence: Mexico 1985-2002 ( 2005). The World Bank Economic Review, Vol. 19, Issue 3, pp. 345-378, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=916904

Mariano Bosch

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

M F. Maloney

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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