What Explains the Location of Industry in Britain, 1871&Ndash;1931?

Posted: 29 Feb 2008

See all articles by Nicholas Crafts

Nicholas Crafts

University of Warwick; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Date Written: August 2005

Abstract

Where transport costs were falling, were the new economic geography forces for industry agglomeration and dispersion at work in the location of industry in pre-1931 Britain? This paper examines the issue empirically using a general model that nests the Heckscher-Ohlin factor endowment with new economic geography models. The evidence suggests that while the location of pre-1931 British industry was mainly driven by the former, the scale economies aspect of the latter also played a role.

Keywords: JEL classifications: N23, O18, O52

Suggested Citation

Crafts, Nicholas, What Explains the Location of Industry in Britain, 1871&Ndash;1931? (August 2005). Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 5, Issue 4, pp. 499-518, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=917705

Nicholas Crafts (Contact Author)

University of Warwick ( email )

Gibbet Hill Rd.
Coventry, West Midlands CV4 8UW
United Kingdom

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

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