Political Budget Cycles in New Versus Established Democracies

25 Pages Posted: 21 Jul 2006

See all articles by Adi Brender

Adi Brender

Bank of Israel - Research Department

Allan Drazen

University of Maryland - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Abstract

Like other recent studies, we find a political deficit cycle in a large cross-section of countries, but show that this result is driven by the experience of "new democracies". The political budget cycle in new democracies accounts for the finding of a budget cycle in larger samples that include these countries and disappears when they are removed from the larger sample. The political deficit cycle in new democracies accounts for findings in both developed and less developed economies, for the stronger cycle in weaker democracies, and for differences in the political cycle across governmental and electoral systems. Our findings may reconcile two contradictory views of pre-electoral manipulation, one that it is a useful instrument to gain voter support and a widespread empirical phenomenon, the other that voters punish rather than reward fiscal manipulation.

Keywords: political budget cycle, new democracy, fiscal manipulation

JEL Classification: D72, E62, H62

Suggested Citation

Brender, Adi and Drazen, Allan, Political Budget Cycles in New Versus Established Democracies. Journal of Monetary Economics, Vol. 52, No. 5, pp. 1271-1295, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=918013

Adi Brender (Contact Author)

Bank of Israel - Research Department ( email )

PO Box 780
Jerusalem 91007
Israel
+972 2 655 2618 (Phone)
+972 2 655 2657 (Fax)

Allan Drazen

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742-1815
United States
301-405-3477 (Phone)
301-405-7835 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

London
United Kingdom

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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