Explaining Green Innovation: Ten Years after Porter's Win-Win Proposition: How to Study the Effects of Regulation on Corporate Environmental Innovation?
Politische Vierteljahresschrift, Vol. 39, pp. 323-341, 2007
17 Pages Posted: 27 Jul 2006 Last revised: 11 Dec 2017
Date Written: June 1, 2006
This paper is now published as:
Bernauer, Thomas, Engels, Stéphanie, Kammerer, Daniel, and Seijas, Jazmin. 2007. Determinants of Green Innovation – Ten Years after Porter’s Win-Win Proposition: How to Study the Effects of Environmental Regulation? Politische Vierteljahresschrift 39: 323-341, 2007.
Please read and cite the published version.
While consumption and degradation of natural resources and the environment continue to grow worldwide, worries about declining competitiveness of European industry vis-a-vis US and Asian competitors persist. Against this background, the question of what drives environmental innovation in industry and what role regulation plays in this regard has become ever more relevant. Ten years ago Porter and van der Linde popularized the win-win proposition, stating that environmental regulation could induce innovation by making industry aware of and willing to exploit otherwise missed opportunities. This, they claimed, would result in environmental benefits and increased competitiveness. The Porter hypothesis has spurred a substantial amount of research on the influence of environmental regulation on innovation, but the results have so far remained inconclusive. We discuss the key problems in extant research and outline a comprehensive analytical framework for studying the effects of environmental regulation on innovation alongside firm-internal conditions and external market forces. This framework also takes into account varying opportunities for direct customer benefits across areas of environmental innovation. Very few political scientists have, thus far, ventured into this research area. Those who have focused on the sectoral, national or systemic (international) level. To complement this research we propose to improve the micro-foundations of our understanding of environmental innovation by applying the framework outlined in this paper at the firm and innovation field level within and across firms, industries, and countries.
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation