The Effect of the Frequency of Holdings Data on Conclusions About Mutual Fund Management Behavior
39 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2006 Last revised: 7 Apr 2010
Date Written: June 29, 2009
A number of articles in financial economics have used quarterly or semi-annual mutual fund holdings data to test hypotheses about investment manager behavior. This article reexamines four well-known hypotheses in finance to determine whether the results of prior tests of these hypotheses remain valid when higher frequency (monthly) holdings data are employed. The areas examined are: momentum trading, tax-motivated trading, window dressing, and tournament behavior. We find that the use of monthly holdings data rather than quarterly holdings data or, in the case of tournament behavior, holdings data rather than monthly return data, change, and in some cases reverse, previous results. This occurs because monthly holdings data capture a large number of trades missed by quarterly data (18.5% of the trades) and permit a more precise estimation of the timing of trades.
Keywords: mutual funds, holdings, momentum, tournament, window dressing, tax effects
JEL Classification: G11, G23, H22
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation