The WTO and Antidumping in Developing Countries

35 Pages Posted: 3 Aug 2006

See all articles by Chad P. Bown

Chad P. Bown

Peterson Institute for International Economics

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Date Written: July 2006


Since the 1995 inception of the World Trade Organization (WTO), developing countries have become some of the most frequent users of the WTO-sanctioned antidumping trade policy instrument. However, little is known about the pattern of actual industrial use of antidumping in developing countries. This paper exploits newly available data to examine nine of the major "new user" developing countries, matching data on production in 28 different 3-digit ISIC industries to data on antidumping investigations, outcomes and imports at the 6-digit Harmonized System (HS) product level. We use a cross-section of this data to estimate a two-stage model of the industry-level decision to pursue an antidumping investigation and the national government's decision of how much antidumping import protection to provide. We present evidence that developing country industries that successfully pursue antidumping import protection exhibit characteristics consistent with the theory of endogenous trade policy and face changing market conditions specified in the WTO Antidumping Agreement.

Keywords: Antidumping, Developing Countries, WTO, Political Economy

JEL Classification: F13

Suggested Citation

Bown, Chad P., The WTO and Antidumping in Developing Countries (July 2006). Available at SSRN: or

Chad P. Bown (Contact Author)

Peterson Institute for International Economics ( email )

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