Decentralization, Transfer Pricing and Tacit Collusion
21 Pages Posted: 31 Jul 2006 Last revised: 4 Oct 2012
Date Written: June 1, 2006
Research in accounting traditionally regards transfer pricing as an intra-firm transaction problem. Within the context of a simple Cournot model, we demonstrate that firms can use transfer prices strategically as a collusive device. While firms are individually better off from a centralized organizational form with each internal division transferring intermediate goods at marginal cost, all firms benefit from a collusive agreement to organize along profit centers, transferring goods above marginal cost. This collusion yields roughly twice the competitive profits and is sustainable even when price or quantity collusion is not. This practice may also escape legal scrutiny while the same cost-shifting between regulated monopolists and their corporate affiliates is regarded as a major concern for regulators and researchers.
Keywords: transfer pricing, collusion, strategic delegation, vertical integration
JEL Classification: K21, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation