A Global Perspective on External Positions
46 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2006
Date Written: June 2005
The paper highlights the increased dispersion in net external positions in recent years, particularly among industrial countries. It provides a simple accounting framework that disentangles the factors driving the accumulation of external assets and liabilities (such as trade imbalances, investment income flows, and capital gains) for major external creditors and debtors. It also examines the factors driving the foreign asset portfolio of international investors, with a special focus on the weight of U.S. liabilities in the rest of the world's stock of external assets. Finally, it relates the empirical evidence to the current debate about the roles of portfolio balance effects and exchange rate adjustment in shaping the external adjustment process.
Keywords: Financial integration, capital flows, external assets and liabilities
JEL Classification: F31, F32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation