Perspectives on Brown: The South African Experience
University of Cape Town (UCT) - Faculty of Law
New York Law School Law Review, Vol. 49, p. 1155, 2005
This paper views the meaning of Brown v Board of Education in the South African context as three-fold. First, Brown represented the repudiation of racial discrimination on legal or constitutional grounds. Second, it furnished a model of public interest lawyering for South Africans who wanted to challenge unjust laws in the courts. Third, Brown reiterated the importance of non-discriminatory education in a democracy. In this paper I examine the lessons of Brown for the South African struggle for racial equality, South Africa's constitutional transition and the significance of Brown in pursuing the right to education in South Africa. I conclude that although Brown was of tremendous symbolic value to South Africans, the South African constitutional framework, negotiated in the early 1990's, reflected global human rights developments more substantially than it did the American civil rights struggle. This is demonstrated by the mandate of the South African Constitution to consider international law and by the limited references to Brown by the Constitutional Court in comparison to the court's citation of international legal materials. Brown's waning substantive influence may also be attributed to the different path towards non-racialism taken by South Africans in contrast to the civil rights struggle in the United States.
Number of Pages in PDF File: 14
Keywords: civil rights, race, South Africa
Date posted: August 16, 2006