The Euro and European Financial Market Dependence
34 Pages Posted: 15 Aug 2006 Last revised: 11 Mar 2014
Date Written: August 19, 2010
A time-varying copula model is used to investigate the impact of the introduction of the Euro on the dependence between seventeen European stock markets during the period 1994-2003. The model is implemented with a GJR-GARCH-MA-t model for the marginal distributions and the Gaussian copula for the joint distribution, which allows capturing time-varying, non-linear relationships. The results show that, within the Euro area, market dependence increased after the introduction of the common currency only for large equity markets, such as in France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and Spain. Structural break tests indicate that the increase in financial market dependence started around the beginning of 1998 when Euro membership was determined and the relevant information was announced. The UK and Sweden, but not other European countries outside the Euro area, are found to exhibit an increase in equity market co-movement, which is consistent with the interpretation that these countries may be expected to join the Euro in the future.
Keywords: Euro, international finance, dependence, copula, GARCH
JEL Classification: F3, F4, G1
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation