Climbing the Development Ladder: Economic Development and the Evolution of Occupations in Rural China

Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 42, No. 6, August 2006

Posted: 16 Aug 2006

See all articles by Sandeep Mohapatra

Sandeep Mohapatra

University of Alberta - Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry & Home Economics - Department of Rural Economy

Scott Rozelle

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Abstract

We study how occupations evolve across space and time during the development of an economy. Using a data set on more than 200 villages from 8 provinces in China, we examine the main occupations that have characterised China's labour markets since the economic reforms. Our findings reveal a systematic evolutionary pattern of occupational emergence: the evolution of occupations proceeds from traditional and fairly simple forms of subsistence agriculture to modern, more complex manufacturing and service firms. Our findings suggest that rural development in China is being built by a process that can be described by the climbing of a development ladder with each step up the ladder denoting the economy's transition into a more complex occupational regime.

Suggested Citation

Mohapatra, Sandeep and Rozelle, Scott and Huang, Jikun, Climbing the Development Ladder: Economic Development and the Evolution of Occupations in Rural China. Journal of Development Studies, Vol. 42, No. 6, August 2006 , Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=924411

Sandeep Mohapatra (Contact Author)

University of Alberta - Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry & Home Economics - Department of Rural Economy ( email )

Edmonton, Alberta
Canada

Scott Rozelle

University of California, Davis - Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics ( email )

One Shields Avenue
Davis, CA 95616
United States
530-752-9897 (Phone)

Jikun Huang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)
No. Jia 11, Datun Road
Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China
+86 10 64889440 (Phone)
+86 10 64856533 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.ccap.org.cn/english/ccapstaff.asp?PID=1380

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