Institutions Versus Geography: Subnational Evidence from the United States

26 Pages Posted: 23 Aug 2006

See all articles by Eric V. Clifton

Eric V. Clifton

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Alma Romero-Barrutieta

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities

Date Written: July 2006

Abstract

Empirical studies of the impact of geography and institutions on growth and development at the international level have become common place, but the high degree of abstraction at that level has led to calls for subnational studies. This paper examines these issues for a region of the United States, Appalachia, where the specific factors at play are identified and measured thus obviating the need for instrumental variable techniques. The evidence suggests that initial conditions, including both geography and institutions, are very important for economic development, having significant effects lasting hundreds of years.

Keywords: Economic growth, poverty, institutions, geography, Appalachia

JEL Classification: O11, O18, R11

Suggested Citation

Clifton, Eric V. and Romero-Barrutieta, Alma, Institutions Versus Geography: Subnational Evidence from the United States (July 2006). IMF Working Paper, Vol. , pp. 1-26, 2006. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=926224

Eric V. Clifton (Contact Author)

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Alma Romero-Barrutieta

University of Minnesota - Twin Cities ( email )

271 19th Avenue South
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

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