Immigrant-Native Differences in Welfare Participation: The Role of Entry and Exit Rates

50 Pages Posted: 8 Sep 2006

See all articles by Magnus Lofstrom

Magnus Lofstrom

Public Policy Institute of California; Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)

Jorgen Hansen

Concordia University, Quebec - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis on Organization (CIRANO)

Date Written: August 2006

Abstract

This paper analyzes differences in welfare transitions between natives and immigrants in Sweden using a large representative panel data set, LINDA, for the years 1991 to 2001. The data contains administrative information on welfare use, country of birth, and time of arrival in Sweden among other things, and provides an excellent opportunity to examine immigrantnative differences in welfare use. The empirical results suggest that the main reason for the large immigrant-native welfare gap observed in the data is differences in welfare entry rates. Thus, policies aimed to reduce these transitions may be particularly successful in reducing welfare use in general and the immigrant-native welfare gap in particular.

Keywords: welfare, immigration, labor market behavior, transition, state dependence

JEL Classification: I30, I38, J15, J18, J61

Suggested Citation

Lofstrom, Magnus and Hansen, Jorgen, Immigrant-Native Differences in Welfare Participation: The Role of Entry and Exit Rates (August 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2261. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=928806

Magnus Lofstrom (Contact Author)

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Jorgen Hansen

Concordia University, Quebec - Department of Economics ( email )

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Germany

Center for Interuniversity Research and Analysis on Organization (CIRANO) ( email )

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