The Effect of Pre-Primary Education on Primary School Performance

41 Pages Posted: 11 Sep 2006

See all articles by Samuel Berlinski

Samuel Berlinski

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) - Research Department

Sebastian Galiani

University of Maryland - Department of Economics

Paul J. Gertler

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Date Written: July 2006

Abstract

Although the theoretical case for universal pre-primary education is strong, the empirical foundation is weak. In this paper, we contribute to the empirical case by investigating the effect of a large expansion of universal pre-primary education on subsequent primary school performance in Argentina. We estimate that one year of preprimary school increases average third grade test scores by 8 percent of a mean or by 23 percent of the standard deviation of the distribution of test scores. We also find that preprimary school attendance positively affects student's self-control in the third grade as measured by behaviors such as attention, effort, class participation, and discipline.

Keywords: Preschool, Pre-primary education, Primary school performance

JEL Classification: I2, J1

Suggested Citation

Berlinski, Samuel and Galiani, Sebastian and Gertler, Paul J., The Effect of Pre-Primary Education on Primary School Performance (July 2006). William Davidson Institute Working Paper No. 838, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=929172 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.929172

Samuel Berlinski

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) - Research Department ( email )

1300 New York Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20577
United States

Sebastian Galiani (Contact Author)

University of Maryland - Department of Economics ( email )

College Park, MD 20742
United States

Paul J. Gertler

University of California, Berkeley - Haas School of Business ( email )

545 Student Services Building, #1900
2220 Piedmont Avenue
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States
510-642-1418 (Phone)
510-642-4700 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

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