Institutional Monitoring and Corporate Restructurings
40 Pages Posted: 15 Sep 2006
Date Written: September 13, 2006
We investigate the monitoring role performed by institutional investors in corporate restructurings. We hypothesize that institutional monitoring will (1) influence a firm's decision to restructure and (2) encourage restructurings that stop poor performance before it becomes too severe (i.e. pre-emptive restructurings) and that fix performance problems more completely (i.e. thorough restructurings). Consistent with these hypotheses, we document that the level of institutional ownership (changes in transient institutional holdings) is (are) increasing (decreasing) in the probability that a firm restructures. This result holds after controlling for other determinants of the restructuring choice, including existing internal corporate governance mechanisms. The association between institutional ownership and restructuring decisions is also robust after controlling for the possible endogeniety problem using a simultaneous equations approach.
Among firms that restructure, we find the level of institutional ownership increases the probability that the firm's restructuring is pre-emptive (proxied by positive or negative prior growth in ROE). We also find that institutional holdings increase the probability that a firm undergoes a restructuring that is thorough (proxied by above or below the median value of scaled restructuring charges). As a whole, the results suggest that institutional investors play an important monitoring role in encouraging managers to make value maximizing restructuring decisions.
Keywords: Institutional investors, Corporate restructuring
JEL Classification: G34, G23, M41
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation