Historical Property Rights, Sociality, and the Emergence of Impersonal Exchange in Long-Distance Trade
42 Pages Posted: 18 Sep 2006
Date Written: October 2006
This laboratory experiment explores the extent to which impersonal exchange emerges from personal exchange with opportunities for long-distance trade. We design a three-commodity production and exchange economy in which agents in three geographically separated villages must develop multilateral exchange networks to import a third good only available abroad. For treatments, we induce two distinct institutional histories to investigate how past experience with property rights affect the evolution of specialization and exchange. We find that a history of un-enforced property rights hinders our subjects' ability to develop the requisite personal social arrangements necessary to support specialization and effectively exploit impersonal long-distance trade.
Keywords: personal exchange, impersonal exchange, long-distance trade, experimental economics
JEL Classification: C92, D23, D51, F10, N70
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