Two for the Price of One? On Additionality Effects of R&D Subsidies: A Comparison between Flanders and Germany
KUL Working Paper No. MSI 0607
29 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2006 Last revised: 26 Aug 2008
Date Written: 2006
In this paper we empirically test whether public R&D subsidies crowd out private R&D investment in Flanders and Germany, using firm level data from the Flemish and German part of the Community Innovation survey (CIS III and IV). Both the non-parametric matching estimator and the conditional difference-in-difference estimator with repeated cross-sections (CDiDRCS) clearly indicate that the crowding-out hypothesis can be rejected: funded firms are significantly more R&D active than non-funded firms. In the domain of additionality effects of R&D subsidies, this paper is the first to apply the CDiDRCS method.
Keywords: R&D, Subsidies, Policy Evaluation, Conditional Difference-in-Difference
JEL Classification: C14, C21, H50, O38
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation