Does Services Liberalization Benefit Manufacturing Firms? Evidence from the Czech Republic
39 Pages Posted: 22 Sep 2006
Date Written: September 21, 2006
While there is considerable empirical evidence on the impact of liberalizing trade in goods, the effects of services liberalization have not been empirically established. This study examines the link between services sector reforms and the productivity of manufacturing industries relying on services inputs. The results, based on firm-level data from the Czech Republic for the period 1998-2003, show a positive relationship between services sector reform and the performance of domestic firms in downstream manufacturing sectors. When several aspects of services liberalization are considered, namely, the presence of foreign providers, privatization and the level of competition, we find that allowing foreign entry into services industries is the key channel through which services liberalization contributes to improved performance of downstream manufacturing sectors. As most barriers to foreign investment today are not in goods but in services sectors, our findings may strengthen the argument for reform in this area.
Keywords: services liberalization, productivity, foreign direct investment
JEL Classification: L8, F2, D24
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation