A Further Step into the Elgh and Tlgh for Spain and Italy

29 Pages Posted: 28 Sep 2006

See all articles by Isabel Cortés-Jiménez

Isabel Cortés-Jiménez

Nottingham University Business School

Manuela Pulina

University of Sassari - Faculty of Economics (DEIR) - CRENoS; Economic Research Centre North South (CRENOS)

Date Written: September 2006


Nowadays many developing countries focus on economic policies for promoting international tourism and exports expansion as a potential source of economic growth of the country. However, the understanding of the relationship between exports and economic growth is still ongoing. When treating the relationship between tourism and economic growth, considering tourism as a non-traditional export few studies have been published to date. This paper has the objective to assess if exports and tourism have really promoted growth by means of the export-led growth hypothesis (ELGH) and the tourism-led growth hypothesis (TLGH). The cases under analysis are Spain and Italy, two of the most important countries worldwide regarding the expansion of tourism. Cointegration techniques and the multivariate Granger causality test are applied. Results reveal that exports cause economic growth in the long-term for both countries, whilst only for Spain tourism appears as a factor which influences economic growth in the long-run.

Keywords: Economic Growth, Exports, Tourism, Cointegration, Multivariate Granger Causality, Spain, Italy

JEL Classification: L83, C32, O49

Suggested Citation

Cortés-Jiménez, Isabel and Pulina, Manuela, A Further Step into the Elgh and Tlgh for Spain and Italy (September 2006). FEEM Working Paper No. 118.06, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=932509 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.932509

Isabel Cortés-Jiménez (Contact Author)

Nottingham University Business School ( email )

Jubilee Campus
Wollaton Road
Nottingham, NG8 1BB
United Kingdom

Manuela Pulina

University of Sassari - Faculty of Economics (DEIR) - CRENoS ( email )

Via Torre Tonda
Sassari, SS 07100

Economic Research Centre North South (CRENOS) ( email )

Via Torre Tonda 34

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