Reciprocity and Reasonable Disagreement: From Liberal to Democratic Legitimacy
Philosophical Studies, 2006
53 Pages Posted: 27 Sep 2006
An examination of Rawls's liberal principle of legitimacy in light of Waldron and Christiano type objections that it ignores that fact that citizens can and often do reasonably disagree over most anything, including conceptions of justice or constitutional design. I try to defend Rawls's basic intuition by shifting the emphasis from reciprocity in justification to reciprocity of interests. This requires a reformulation of the liberal principle of legitimacy giving what I call a democratic principle of legitimacy.
Keywords: legitimacy, Rawls, pluralism, reasonable disagreement, democracy
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