Filial Dependency and Recantation of Child Sexual Abuse Allegations
Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Forthcoming
Posted: 29 Sep 2006
Controversy abounds regarding the process by which child sexual abuse (CSA) victims disclose their experiences, particularly the extent to which and reasons why some children, once having disclosed abuse, later recant their allegations. This study examined the prevalence and predictors of recantation among 2- to 17-year-old CSA victims. Method: Case files (N=257) were randomly selected from all substantiated cases resulting in a dependency court filing in a large urban county between 1999 and 2000. Recantation (i.e., denial of abuse post-disclosure) was scored across formal and informal interviews. Cases were also coded for characteristics of the child, family, and abuse. Results: A 23.1% recantation rate was observed. Multivariate analyses supported a filial dependency model of recantation, whereby abuse victims who were more vulnerable to familial adult influences (i.e., younger children, those abused by a parent figure, and who lacked support from the non-offending caregiver) were more likely to recant. An alternative hypothesis, that recantations resulted from potential inclusion of cases involving false allegations, was not supported. Conclusions: Results provide new insight into the process by which children reveal interpersonal trauma and have implications for debates concerning the credibility of CSA allegations and treatment in dependency samples.
Keywords: Recantation, Child Sexual Abuse, Disclosure
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation