The Oas Model Law on Secured Transactions: A Comparative Analysis
68 Pages Posted: 3 Oct 2006
The 21st Century began as it ended, with an ongoing struggle to allow the poor of the world to partake in the prosperity of market economics. This article focuses on legal reforms to the law of secured transactions in Latin America, a part of the world where small and medium sized merchants have no meaningful access to credit. It discusses the OAS Model Law on Secured Transactions of 2002, a law inspired by Article 9 of the Uniform Commercial Code and the Canadian Personal Property Security Acts as well as by Civil Law institutions traceable to classical Roman Law and more recently to early twentieth century German judicial decisions. The successful blend of these sources was made possible by a set of guiding principles to the OAS Model law drafted at the National Law Center for Inter-American Free Trade. These principles guided but only partially Mexico's statutory amendments of 2000 and 2003, they are also guiding more fully and effectively present legislative efforts in Central America. This article compares selected provisions of the OAS Model Law to those in UCC Article 9 as well as in Mexico's statutory amendments. It concludes that despite the very significant changes effectuated in Mexican law more changes are in order. This is particularly true in light of the major improvements in the availability of commercial and consumer credit experienced by Mexico with the enactment of only partially effective statutory changes in 2000 and 2003.
Keywords: OAS Model Law of Secured Transactions, secured transactions, Latin America, trading systems, developing nations, comparative law
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation