Education and Hiv/Aids Prevention: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya

33 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016  

Esther Duflo

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD)

Pascaline Dupas

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics

Michael Kremer

Harvard University - Department of Economics; Brookings Institution; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Center for Global Development; Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS)

Samuel Sinei

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

Date Written: October 1, 2006

Abstract

The authors report results from a randomized evaluation comparing three school-based HIV/AIDS interventions in Kenya: (1) training teachers in the Kenyan Government's HIV/AIDS-education curriculum; (2) encouraging students to debate the role of condoms and to write essays on how to protect themselves against HIV/AIDS; and (3) reducing the cost of education. Their primary measure of the effectiveness of these interventions is teenage childbearing, which is associated with unprotected sex. The authors also collected measures of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior regarding HIV/AIDS. After two years, girls in schools where teachers had been trained were more likely to be married in the event of a pregnancy. The program had little other impact on students' knowledge, attitudes, and behavior, or on the incidence of teen childbearing. The condom debates and essays increased practical knowledge and self-reported use of condoms without increasing self-reported sexual activity. Reducing the cost of education by paying for school uniforms reduced dropout rates, teen marriage, and childbearing.

Keywords: Tertiary Education, Primary Education, Education For All, Population Policies, Teaching and Learning

Suggested Citation

Duflo, Esther and Dupas, Pascaline and Kremer, Michael and Sinei, Samuel, Education and Hiv/Aids Prevention: Evidence from a Randomized Evaluation in Western Kenya (October 1, 2006). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4024. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=935173

Esther Duflo (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics ( email )

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Abdul Latif Jameel Poverty Action Lab (J-PAL) ( email )

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HOME PAGE: http://www.povertyactionlab.org/

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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Bureau for Research and Economic Analysis of Development (BREAD) ( email )

Duke University
Durham, NC 90097
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Pascaline Dupas

Dartmouth College - Department of Economics ( email )

Hanover, NH 03755
United States

Michael R. Kremer

Harvard University - Department of Economics ( email )

Littauer Center
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Cambridge, MA 02138
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Brookings Institution

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

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Center for Global Development

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Harvard University - Harvard Kennedy School (HKS) ( email )

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Samuel Sinei

Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology

P.O. Box 62000
Nairobi, NAIROBI 00200
Kenya

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