Identity Confirmation Networks and Cooperation in Workgroups

Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 48, pp. 191-212, 2005

Ross School of Business Paper No. B005

23 Pages Posted: 11 Oct 2006

See all articles by Laurie P. Milton

Laurie P. Milton

University of Calgary - Haskayne School of Business

James D. Westphal

University of Michigan - Stephen M. Ross School of Business

Abstract

Integrating social psychological and network theory, this field study demonstrates a positive association between identity confirmation-based networks and cooperation and performance in work groups. Mutual identity confirmation (of positive and negative identities) increased cooperation in work group dyads. With position in conventional social networks controlled, structural equivalence in identity confirmation networks also increased cooperation. Advantageous positions in identity confirmation networks enhanced performance through greater cooperation, and identity confirmation mediated effects of race-based diversity.

Keywords: social networks, social identity, cooperation

Suggested Citation

Milton, Laurie P. and Westphal, James D., Identity Confirmation Networks and Cooperation in Workgroups. Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 48, pp. 191-212, 2005; Ross School of Business Paper No. B005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=936719

Laurie P. Milton

University of Calgary - Haskayne School of Business ( email )

2500 University Drive, NW
Calgary, Alberta T2N 1N4
Canada

James D. Westphal (Contact Author)

University of Michigan - Stephen M. Ross School of Business ( email )

701 Tappan Street
Ann Arbor, MI MI 48109
United States

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