Racial Differences in Sensitivity to Behavioral Integrity: Attitudal Consequences, In-Group Effects and Trickle Down among Black and Non-Black Employees

56 Pages Posted: 19 Oct 2006

See all articles by Tony L. Simons

Tony L. Simons

Cornell University

Ray Friedman

Vanderbilt University - Organizational Behavior

Leigh Anne Liu

Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business

Judi McLean Parks

Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School

Date Written: October 2006

Abstract

Recent research suggests that employees are highly affected by perceptions of their managers' pattern of word-action consistency, which Simons (2002) called "behavioral integrity" (BI). We suggest that some employee racial groups may be more attentive to BI than others. We test this notion using data from 1,944 employees working at 107 different hotels. We found that black employees rated their managers as demonstrating lower BI than did non-black employees. Mediation analyses are consistent with the notion that these differences in perceived BI, in turn, account for cross-race differences in trust in management, interpersonal justice, commitment, satisfaction, and intent to stay. Results of Hierarchical Linear Modeling were consistent with the idea that middle managers' perceptions of their senior managers' BI "trickle down" to affect line employee perceptions of the middle managers, and that this trickledown effect is stronger for black employees. We interpret these results as indicative of heightened sensitivity to managers' BI on the part of black employees. We also found a reverse in-group effect, in that black employees were substantially more critical of black managers than were non-black employees.

Keywords: race,behavioral integrity,diversity,justice,black

Suggested Citation

Simons, Tony L. and Friedman, Raymond A. and Liu, Leigh Anne and McLean Parks, Judi, Racial Differences in Sensitivity to Behavioral Integrity: Attitudal Consequences, In-Group Effects and Trickle Down among Black and Non-Black Employees (October 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=938208 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.938208

Tony L. Simons

Cornell University ( email )

Ithaca, NY 14853
United States

Raymond A. Friedman (Contact Author)

Vanderbilt University - Organizational Behavior ( email )

401 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203
United States
615-322-3992 (Phone)
615-343-7177 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://mba.vanderbilt.edu/faculty/rfriedman.cfm

Leigh Anne Liu

Georgia State University - J. Mack Robinson College of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 4050
Atlanta, GA 30303-3083
United States

Judi McLean Parks

Washington University in St. Louis - John M. Olin Business School ( email )

One Brookings Drive
Campus Box 1133
St. Louis, MO 63130-4899
United States
314-935-7451 (Phone)
314-935-6359 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.olin.wustl.edu/faculty/mcleanparks/

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