An Instrumental Variable Evaluation of Antidepressant Use on Employment Among Hiv-Infected Women Using Highly-Active Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States: 1996-2004

42 Pages Posted: 27 Oct 2006 Last revised: 13 Mar 2016

See all articles by Omar Galárraga, Ph.D.

Omar Galárraga, Ph.D.

Brown University

David S. Salkever

UMBC, Department of Public Policy

Judith A Cook

University of Illinois at Chicago

Stephen Gange

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health

Date Written: October 2006

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of antidepressant use on the likelihood of being employed among HIV-positive women receiving highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the United States from 1994 to 2004. We use instrumental variables to predict antidepressant use independently of outcomes; thus, addressing potential sources of bias -- more depressed women are more likely to receive antidepressant treatment, but they are also more likely to be unemployed. The results show that antidepressant use has a positive effect on the employment probability of women living with HIV. The proposed instrumental variables can be used to identify antidepressant use in the WIHS population. Among women receiving HAART, and controlling for individual and local area labor market characteristics, the use of antidepressants is associated with a higher probability of being employed.

Suggested Citation

Galarraga, Omar and Salkever, David S. and Cook, Judith A and Gange, Stephen, An Instrumental Variable Evaluation of Antidepressant Use on Employment Among Hiv-Infected Women Using Highly-Active Antiretroviral Therapy in the United States: 1996-2004 (October 2006). NBER Working Paper No. w12619. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=938412

Omar Galarraga

Brown University ( email )

Box G-S121-2
121 S.Main St. office 222
Providence, RI 02912
United States
401-863-2331 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://vivo.brown.edu/display/ogalarra

David S. Salkever (Contact Author)

UMBC, Department of Public Policy ( email )

1000 Hilltop Circle
Baltimore, MD 21250

Judith A Cook

University of Illinois at Chicago ( email )

1200 W Harrison St
Chicago, IL 60607
United States

Stephen Gange

Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health ( email )

615 North Wolfe Street
Baltimore, MD 21205
United States

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