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Sex Discrimination in the Labor Market

Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 281-361, 2006

Vanderbilt Law and Economics Research Paper No. 07-03

87 Pages Posted: 26 Oct 2006  

Joni Hersch

Vanderbilt University - Law School; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Vanderbilt University - Owen Graduate School of Management; Vanderbilt University - College of Arts and Science - Department of Economics

Abstract

This paper examines sources of gender pay disparity and the factors that contribute to this pay gap. Many researchers question the role of discrimination and instead attribute the residual pay gap to gender differences in preferences. The main issue considered in this paper is whether gender differences in choices, especially with respect to the family and household, are indeed responsible for the gender pay gap, or whether discrimination plays a role. On balance, the evidence indicates that sex discrimination remains a possible explanation of the unexplained gender pay gap. This is consistent with the continuing high profile sex discrimination litigation suggestive of on-going inferior treatment on the basis of sex.

Keywords: sex discrimination, gender, women, wage disparity, wage gap, pay gap, pay disparity

JEL Classification: D10, J12, J13, J16, J20, J22, J31, J70, J71

Suggested Citation

Hersch, Joni, Sex Discrimination in the Labor Market. Foundations and Trends in Microeconomics, Vol. 2, No. 4, pp. 281-361, 2006; Vanderbilt Law and Economics Research Paper No. 07-03. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=940134

Joni Hersch (Contact Author)

Vanderbilt University - Law School ( email )

131 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203-1181
United States
615-343-7717 (Phone)
615-322-6631 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://law.vanderbilt.edu/go/phdlawecon

IZA Institute of Labor Economics ( email )

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Vanderbilt University - Owen Graduate School of Management

401 21st Avenue South
Nashville, TN 37203
United States

Vanderbilt University - College of Arts and Science - Department of Economics

Box 1819 Station B
Nashville, TN 37235
United States

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