Mean Consumption, Poverty and Inequality in Rural India in the Sixtieth Round of the National Sample Survey

26 Pages Posted: 30 Oct 2006

See all articles by Raghbendra Jha

Raghbendra Jha

Australian National University (ANU) - Australia South Asia Research Centre (ASARC); Crawford School of Public Policy

Raghav Gaiha

University of Delhi - Department of Economics; Australian National University (ANU)

Anurag Sharma

Monash University - Centre for Health Economics

Date Written: October 2006

Abstract

This paper reports on mean consumption, poverty (all three FGT measures) and inequality during January to June 2004 for rural India using National sample Survey (NSS) data for the 60th Round. Mean consumption at the national level is much higher than the poverty line. However, the Gini coefficient is higher than in recent earlier rounds. The headcount ratio using the thirty day recall is 22.9 per cent and with the seven day recall this stands at 17.9 per cent and, with the combined data, this figure is 20.6 per cent. Mean consumption, all three measures of poverty and the Gini coefficient are computed at the level of 20 states and 63 NSS regions in these 20 states. It is surmised that despite impressive growth rates deprivation is pervasive, pockets of severe poverty persist, and inequality is rampant.

Keywords: Rural India, Mean Consumption, Poverty, Inequality

JEL Classification: D31, D60, I32, O15, O53

Suggested Citation

Jha, Raghbendra and Gaiha, Raghav and Sharma, Anurag, Mean Consumption, Poverty and Inequality in Rural India in the Sixtieth Round of the National Sample Survey (October 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=941012 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.941012

Raghbendra Jha (Contact Author)

Australian National University (ANU) - Australia South Asia Research Centre (ASARC) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia
+61 2 6125 2683 (Phone)
+61 2 6125 0443 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://crawford.anu.edu.au/crawford_people/content/staff/acde/rjha.php

Crawford School of Public Policy

ANU College of Asia and the Pacific
J.G. Crawford Building, #132, Lennox Crossing
Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 0200
Australia

Raghav Gaiha

University of Delhi - Department of Economics ( email )

Delhi-110007
India

Australian National University (ANU) ( email )

Canberra, Australian Capital Territory 2601
Australia

Anurag Sharma

Monash University - Centre for Health Economics ( email )

Building 75
Clayton
Melbourne, VIC 3800
Australia
61 3 99050519 (Phone)

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