Rowing Against the Tidewater: A Theory of Voting by Multi-Judge Panels
33 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2006 Last revised: 17 Nov 2015
How should the views of individual judges on an appellate panel be combined to reach a decision in any particular case. Oddly enough, there has been comparatively little attention paid to this very fundamental question, notwithstanding the fact that there are (at least) two very different procedures judges could use, and that the choice between them may be outcome-determinative in many circumstances. In this paper, we set out an analytic framework for examining the question of which voting rule multi-member courts should use, with reference to the well-known case of National Mutual Insurance Co. v. Tidewater Transfer Co., 337 US 532 (1948), and demonstrate a number of fundamental flaws in the methods of outcome-voting used by most multi-member panels.
Keywords: Condorcet Paradox, judicial voting, multi-member courts
JEL Classification: K41, K10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation