Policy, Economic Federalism, and Product Market Entry: The Indian Experience
48 Pages Posted: 9 Nov 2006 Last revised: 5 Aug 2008
Date Written: November 1, 2006
Productivity growth has long been associated with, among others, contestability of markets which, in turn, is dependent on the ease with which potential competitors to the incumbent firms can enter the product market. There is a growing consensus that in emerging markets regulatory and institutional factors may have a greater influence on a firm's ability to enter a product market than strategic positions adopted by the incumbent firms. We examine this proposition in the context of India where the industrial policies of the eighties and the nineties are widely believed to be pro-incumbent and pro-competition, respectively, thereby providing the setting for a natural experiment with 1991 as the watershed year. In our analysis, we also take into consideration the possibility that the greater economic federalism associated with the reforms of the nineties may have affected the distribution of industrial units across states after 1991. Our paper, which uses the experiences of the textiles and electrical machinery sectors during the two decades as the basis for the analysis, finds broad support for both these hypotheses.
Keywords: Entry, Institutions, Regulations, India, Textiles, Electrical Machinery, Reforms
JEL Classification: L11, L52, L64, L67, O14, O17
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation