Sex Selection: Treating Different Cases Differently

International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 90, pp. 171-177, 2005

7 Pages Posted: 4 Nov 2007

See all articles by Bernard Dickens

Bernard Dickens

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law

Gamal I. Serour

Al-Azhar University, Cairo - International Islamic Center For Population Studies and Research

Rebecca J. Cook

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law

Ren Zong Qiu

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences - Peking Union Medical College; Chinese Academy of Social Science

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Abstract

This paper contrasts ethical approaches to sex selection in countries where discrimination against women is pervasive, resulting in selection against girl children, and in countries where there is less general discrimination and couples do not prefer children of either sex. National sex ratio imbalances where discrimination against women is common have resulted in laws and policies, such as in India and China, to deter and prevent sex selection. Birth ratios of children can be affected by techniques of prenatal sex determination and abortion, preconception sex selection and discarding disfavored embryos, and prefertilization sperm sorting, when disfavored sperm remain unused. Incentives for son preference are reviewed, and laws and policies to prevent sex selection are explained. The elimination of social, economic and other discrimination against women is urged to redress sex selection against girl children. Where there is no general selection against girl children, sex selection can be allowed to assist families that want children of both sexes.

Keywords: Sex selection, Sex discrimination, Sperm sorting, Preimplantation genetic diagnosis, Abortion, Discrimination against girl children, Discrimination against women

JEL Classification: I18, K19

Suggested Citation

Dickens, Bernard and Serour, Gamal I. and Cook, Rebecca J. and Qiu, Ren Zong, Sex Selection: Treating Different Cases Differently. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Vol. 90, pp. 171-177, 2005. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=944065

Bernard Dickens (Contact Author)

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

78 and 84 Queen's Park
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada
416-978-4849 (Phone)
416-978-7899 (Fax)

Gamal I. Serour

Al-Azhar University, Cairo - International Islamic Center For Population Studies and Research ( email )

40 Talaat Harb St.
City Center
Cairo
Egypt
(202) 25755869 (Phone)
(202) 25754271 (Fax)

Rebecca J. Cook

University of Toronto - Faculty of Law ( email )

78 Queen's Park Cr.
Toronto, Ontario M5S 2C5
Canada
416-978-4446 (Phone)
416-978-7899 (Fax)

Ren Zong Qiu

Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences - Peking Union Medical College ( email )

NO. 9, Dongdan Santiao
Beijing, Dongcheng District
China

Chinese Academy of Social Science ( email )

Beijing, 100732

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