A Distributional Analysis of the Cost of Foodborne Illness: Who Ultimately Pays?

Posted: 31 Jul 1998

See all articles by Elise H. Golan

Elise H. Golan

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Katherine L. Ralston

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Paul D. Frenzen

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS)

Abstract

This paper traces the economic impact of the costs of foodborne illness on the U.S. economy using a Social Accounting Matrix (SAM) framework. Previous estimates of the costs of seven foodborne pathogens are disaggregated by type, and distributed across the population using data from the National Health Interview Survey. Initial income losses resulting from premature death cause a decrease in economic activity. Medical costs, in contrast, result in economic growth, though this growth does not outweigh the total costs of premature death. A SAM accounting of how the costs of illness are diffused through the economy provides useful information for policy makers.

JEL Classification: I10

Suggested Citation

Golan, Elise H. and Ralston, Katherine L. and Frenzen, Paul D., A Distributional Analysis of the Cost of Foodborne Illness: Who Ultimately Pays?. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=94463

Elise H. Golan (Contact Author)

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5424 (Phone)
202-694-5642 (Fax)

Katherine L. Ralston

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5463 (Phone)

Paul D. Frenzen

U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) - Economic Research Service (ERS) ( email )

355 E Street, SW
Washington, DC 20024-3221
United States
202-694-5446 (Phone)

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