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Computing Crime: Information Technology, Police Effectiveness and the Organization of Policing

45 Pages Posted: 14 Nov 2006  

Luis Garicano

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

Paul S. Heaton

University of Pennsylvania Law School

Date Written: September 2006

Abstract

How does information technology (IT) affect the organization of police work? How does it in turn affect police crime-fighting effectiveness? To answer these questions, we construct a new panel data set of police departments covering 1987-2003. We find that while IT adoption had substantial effects on a wide range of police organizational practices, it had, by itself, a negligible impact on crime-fighting effectiveness. These results are robust to various methods for controlling for agency-level characteristics and the endogeneity of IT use. We then suggest and test two explanations for this puzzle. First, we demonstrate that use of a particular technology, computerized record-keeping, increased recorded crime rates. Second, we provide evidence that IT investments only had a substantial impact on crime clearance rates and crime rates when undertaken as part of a broad set of complementary organizational practices such as those in the Compstat program.

Keywords: Information technology, organization, hierarchy, skills, police

JEL Classification: K42, L23, M5, O33

Suggested Citation

Garicano, Luis and Heaton, Paul S., Computing Crime: Information Technology, Police Effectiveness and the Organization of Policing (September 2006). CEPR Discussion Paper No. 5837. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=944874

Luis Garicano (Contact Author)

University of Chicago - Booth School of Business - Economics ( email )

Graduate School of Business
1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States
773-834-2862 (Phone)
773-702-0458 (Fax)

Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

77 Bastwick Street
London, EC1V 3PZ
United Kingdom

Paul S. Heaton

University of Pennsylvania Law School ( email )

3501 Sansom Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
United States

HOME PAGE: http://https://www.law.upenn.edu/cf/faculty/pheaton/

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