Forests, Biomass Use, and Poverty in Malawi

50 Pages Posted: 20 Apr 2016

See all articles by Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay

Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay

World Bank

Priya Shyamsundar

World Bank - Environment and Natural Resources Division

Alessandro Baccini

affiliation not provided to SSRN

Date Written: November 1, 2006

Abstract

In this paper, the authors seek to answer three questions about poverty and forests in Malawi: (1) What is the extent of biomass available for meeting the energy needs of the poor in Malawi and how is this distributed? (2) To what extent does fuelwood scarcity affect the welfare of the poor? (3) How do households cope with scarcity? In particular, do households spend more time in fuelwood collection and less time in agriculture in response to scarcity? The authors attempt to answer these questions using household and remote-sensing data. They find that 80 percent of rural poor households in Malawi are likely to benefit from an increase in biomass per hectare in their community. Rural women respond to biomass scarcity by increasing the time they spend on fuelwood collection. But the actual decrease in consumption expenditure and increase in time in fuelwood collection are small and biomass scarcity is not associated with a reduction in agricultural labor supply.

Keywords: Renewable Energy, Crops & Crop Management Systems, Wildlife Resources, Climate Change, Ecosystems and Natural Habitats

Suggested Citation

Bandyopadhyay, Sushenjit and Shyamsundar, Priya and Baccini, Alessandro, Forests, Biomass Use, and Poverty in Malawi (November 1, 2006). World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 4068, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=945013

Sushenjit Bandyopadhyay (Contact Author)

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, NW
Washington, DC 20433
United States

Priya Shyamsundar

World Bank - Environment and Natural Resources Division ( email )

Washington, DC 20433
United States

Alessandro Baccini

affiliation not provided to SSRN

No Address Available

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