Why is the World Short of Democracy? A Cross-Country Analysis of Barriers to Representative Government

30 Pages Posted: 16 Nov 2006

See all articles by Vani K. Borooah

Vani K. Borooah

University of Ulster at Jordanstown - School of Economics and Politics

Martin Paldam

Aarhus University - Department of Economics

Date Written: September 2006

Abstract

This study first uses a set of graphs and tables to present the pattern of democracy in the world, using the Gastil Index. Then a statistical analysis is conducted by two techniques: Regression techniques are used to analyze the effect on democracy of a handful of variables. It shows that poverty, Communism and the Muslim culture are the main barriers to democracy. It then uses Bayesian probability methods to make explicit the concept of the risk of countries being undemocratic. The analysis focuses on the dynamics of the income effect and of the democratic deficit of the Muslim countries to see if it is stationary or transitory. It is unstable, so it may be transitory, but it has been rising.

Keywords: Democracy, Lipset's law, Western vs Muslim Culture

JEL Classification: D7, P50

Suggested Citation

Borooah, Vani K. and Paldam, Martin, Why is the World Short of Democracy? A Cross-Country Analysis of Barriers to Representative Government (September 2006). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=945366 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.945366

Vani K. Borooah (Contact Author)

University of Ulster at Jordanstown - School of Economics and Politics ( email )

Newtownabbey
County Antrim BT37 OQB, Northern Ireland
United Kingdom

Martin Paldam

Aarhus University - Department of Economics ( email )

Universitetsparken
Building 350
DK-8000 Aarhus C
Denmark
+45 8942 1133 (Phone)
+45 8613 6334 (Fax)

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