A More Realistic Valuation: APV and WACC with Constant Book Leverage Ratio
15 Pages Posted: 21 Nov 2006 Last revised: 19 Jun 2012
Date Written: November 1, 2007
We value a company that targets its capital structure in book - value terms. This capital structure definition provides us with a valuation that lies between those of Modigliani - Miller (fixed debt) and Miles - Ezzell (fixed market - value leverage ratio).
We show that if a company targets its leverage in market - value terms, it has less value than if it targets the leverage in book - value terms. We also present empirical evidence that permits us to conclude that debt is more related to the book - value of the assets than to their market - value.
Keywords: value of tax shields, required return to equity, WACC, company valuation, APV, cost of equity
JEL Classification: G12, G31, G32
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation