Effects of Liquidity on the Nondefault Component of Corporate Yield Spreads: Evidence from Intraday Transactions Data
55 Pages Posted: 24 Nov 2006 Last revised: 6 Apr 2008
Date Written: March 2008
We estimate the nondefault component of corporate bond yield spreads and examine its relationship with bond liquidity. We measure bond liquidity using intraday transactions data and estimate the default component using the term structure of credit default swaps (CDS) spreads. With swap rate as the risk free rate, the estimated nondefault component is generally moderate but statistically significant for AA-, A-, and BBB-rated bonds and increasing in this order. With Treasury rate as the risk free rate, the estimated nondefault component is the largest in basis points for BBB-rated bonds but as a fraction of yield spreads for AAA-rated bonds. Controlling for the unobservable firm heterogeneity, we find a positive and significant relationship between the nondefault component and illiquidity for investment-grade bonds but no significant relationship for speculative-grade bonds. We also find that the nondefault component comoves with macroeconomic conditions - negatively with the Treasury term structure and positively with the stock market implied volatility.
Keywords: Corporate bond yields, credit default swaps, liquidity
JEL Classification: G12, G13, G14
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation