The Determinants of Motherhood and Work Status: A Survey

32 Pages Posted: 26 Nov 2006  

Daniela Del Boca

University of Turin - Department of Economics; IZA Institute of Labor Economics; Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Marilena Locatelli

University of Turin - Department of Economics

Date Written: October 2006

Abstract

In this paper we present important empirical evidence regarding recent trends in women's participation and fertility in European countries, and provide several interpretations of the differences across countries. Several recent analyses have considered labour supply and fertility as a joint decision and have explicitly taken into account the endogeneity of fertility in labour market participation decisions of women. We survey microeconomic analyses that explore the impact of social policies on the joint decisions of labor market participation and fertility. The results of most analyses indicate that social policies, taking into account several variables (family background, the allocation of time within the household, religion and culture), have a very relevant role in explaining different degrees of incompatibility between employment and child rearing across different countries. The incompatibilities between motherhood and careers find reconciliation in policies that enhance employment flexibility and diminish the potential opportunity costs of children.

Keywords: labor market decisions, fertility, child care, family policies

JEL Classification: J2, C3, D1, H31

Suggested Citation

Del Boca, Daniela and Locatelli, Marilena, The Determinants of Motherhood and Work Status: A Survey (October 2006). IZA Discussion Paper No. 2414. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=947056

Daniela Del Boca (Contact Author)

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Via Po, 53
Torino, 10124
Italy

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240
Bonn, D-53072
Germany

Centre for Household, Income, Labour and Demographic Economics (CHILD)

Turin, TO
Italy

Marilena Locatelli

University of Turin - Department of Economics ( email )

Lungo Dora Siena, 100A
Torino, 10156
Italy
+39 011 6703894 (Phone)
+39 011 6703895 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.de.unito.it/web/member/locatelli/personal-inf.htm

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